Rao zongyi: a master of Chinese studies who integrates academic art

He thinks he’s range is wide, make the person often has the feeling of boundless sea Si, this in the economist and the world is no the second man; In recent years, there have been various masters in China. However, Mr. Xu jialuu, the master in ji’s mind, asserted that he was the best representative of traditional Chinese culture in the 20th century.
季羡林认为他“涉及范围广,使人往往有汪洋无涯涘之感,这在并世学人中并无第二人”;并直言“近年来,国内出现各式各样的大师,而我季羡林心目中的大师就是他。”许嘉璐先生则断言:“他是中华传统文化呈现于20世纪的最好典型。我可以说:50年之内,不会再出第二个他!”
 Rao zongyi is a famous contemporary Chinese historian, archaeologist, writer, educator, scholar and calligrapher. He is a great scholar of academic art. The first study systematically studied the characters of Yin dizhen bu; He was the first to publish the dunhuang writing style, and the first to study dunhuang calligraphy. He is the first scholar to write the history of song yuan qin these areas include ancient history JiaGuXue jianbo learn classics music and religion, 13 major categories such as he works with more than 60, more than 400 papers, written 30 million words, only 12 volumes jao tsung-i academic essays in the 20th century city, where more than 1000 words Mr. Understand English French Japanese German language Hindi language in Iraq and other six countries, including Sanskrit ancient babylonian cuneiform, some also few people proficient in the home country and Mr Jao tsung-i in Chinese, but can pass on the exotic gobbledygook He is also proficient in guqin and Chinese music history, Chinese calligraphy painting is more elegant and ethereal
饶宗颐是中国当代著名的历史学家、考古学家、文学家、经学家、教育家和书画家,是集学术、艺术于一身的大学者、国学大师。
饶先生是第一位讲述巴黎、日本所藏甲骨文的学者;第一个系统研究殷代贞卜人物;他首次将敦煌写本《文心雕龙》公之于世,又是研究敦煌写卷书法的第一人;他是撰写宋、元琴史的首位学者。这些领域囊括了上古史、甲骨学、简帛学、经学、礼乐学、宗教学等13大门类,他出版有著作60余部,论文400多篇,著述3000万言,仅《20世纪饶宗颐学术文集》浩浩12卷,就达1000多万字。先生通晓英语、法语、日语、德语、印度语、伊拉克语等6国语言文字,其中梵文、古巴比伦楔形文字,有的在其本国亦少有人精通,而饶宗颐先生以中国人,却能通乎异国“天书”。他还精通古琴和中国音乐史,中国书法、绘画更是清逸飘洒、自成一家。
In1962,45 years old, he was awarded the rulian prize of the French academy of sciences, which is known as the Nobel Prize in western sinology. In addition, he was awarded the golden dragon award for Chinese literature artist and the honorary title of master of Chinese studies by the Hong Kong overseas literature artists association, the order of arts and literature of the ministry of culture of France. As well as Hong Kong DaZiJing medal Because he is committed to promoting the development of Chinese learning and sinology in decades, promote Chinese learning both at home and abroad and promotion and the exchange, on March 23, 2013, the fifth world Chinese BBS jao tsung-i World Chinese learning contribution award in January 2014, Mr Jao tsung-i was elected foreign academicians college DE France Jao tsung-i research more than 70 years, in five continents, he successively India banda ng Oriental institute at the university of Singapore The French research center The French far east institute of Yale university institute Japan’s Kyoto university at kyushu university engaged in teaching or research, students Disciples spread all over the world.
1962年,年方45岁的饶宗颐,即荣获号称“西方汉学之诺贝尔奖”的法国法兰西学院“儒莲奖”;此外还荣获法国文化部文学艺术勋章、香港海外文学艺术家协会授予的中华文学艺术家金龙奖和国学大师荣衔,以及香港大紫荆勋章。由于他几十年来致力于推动中国学以及汉学发展,促进中国学在海内外的推广和交流,2013年3月23日,第五届世界中国学论坛授予饶宗颐“世界中国学贡献奖”。2014年1月,饶宗颐先生当选法兰西学院外籍院士。饶宗颐治学70余年,足迹遍布五大洲,他先后在新加坡大学、印度班达伽东方研究所、法国科研中心、法国远东学院、美国耶鲁大学研究院、日本京都大学、九州大学从事讲学或研究,学生、弟子遍布全球。
In fact, neither academic, nor a western, but a family strong growth of cultural edification self-study very scholars jao tsung-i was born in chaozhou, guangdong dafu’s home, his grandfather to the late qing jinshi, father RaoE for local well-known textology home and celebrities, RaoE four brothers are opened to issue paper money in the bank, the flow field, domestic and overseas remittances generations is for the house of chaozhou’s richest rao not only rich as croesus, blood is deep early graduated from Shanghai thammasat university like western architectural RaoE, built in his hometown of chaozhou’s largest library day the noise floor, collection of more than hundreds of volumes Influenced by his father, jao tsung-i often immerse in this, reading play, between literature and history books to know already by heart, blood and rich family condition, jao tsung-i from urine has the most people are of the dust learning conditions, when the other children to enter school reading, jao tsung-i feel school education is not suitable for yourself, always feel school is too shallow, he would rather alone hide in the later day the noise floor in self-study educated master of sinology, is a boy he did not even graduated from junior high school the first mentor of life is their fathers.Rao’s study followed the path of pu xue in the qing dynasty, and he was interested in poetry, songs and Buddhism. He wrote a book of buddhist records to annotate buddhist classics. Rao zongyi, a young man, acted as his father’s assistant and copied and arranged for him.Under his father’s carefully cultivated, jao tsung-i laid a good foundation traditional culture, cultivate the strong ability of self-study, a quick read, even though you didn’t get the formal school diploma never forgets anything, never study abroad, but then there are 20 universities at home and abroad, proficient in Britain and France, such as the six languages, also known as the ancient Sanskrit wedge oracle silk slips of jinwen characters, all thanks to his ability to study independently.
事实上,饶宗颐既非学院派,也非西洋派,而是一位受家庭浓厚的文化熏陶、自学成长的大学者。饶宗颐出生于广东省潮州的大富之家,其外祖父为清末进士,父亲饶锷为当地知名的考据学家、工商金融界名流,饶锷四兄弟都开了发行钱票的钱庄,周转海外侨汇和国内军饷,几代皆为潮州首富。饶家不仅富甲一方,家学渊源更是深厚。早年毕业于上海法政大学、喜爱西洋建筑的饶锷,在家乡建起了潮州最大的藏书楼——天啸楼,藏书十万余卷。受父亲影响,饶宗颐时常浸泡在此,读书玩耍之间,文史典籍早已烂熟于心。家学渊源和富裕的家庭条件,使饶宗颐从小便拥有了大多数人望尘莫及的学习条件,当其他孩子都步入学堂读书的时候,饶宗颐感觉学校的教育并不适合自己,总感觉学校教的“太肤浅”,他宁愿独自一人躲进天啸楼里自学。这位后来学富五车的汉学大师,是一个连初中都没毕业的少年。他人生的第一个导师是自己的父亲。饶锷做学问是按照清朝朴学的路数,对诗词歌赋和佛学皆感兴趣,并写过一本《佛国记疏证》,为佛学经典《佛国记》作注,年幼的饶宗颐充当父亲的助手,为其抄写整理,直到晚年,他仍然能背诵《佛国记》的一些段落。在父亲的悉心栽培下,饶宗颐打下了良好的传统文化根基,培养了超强的自学能力,可谓一目十行,过目不忘。虽然再未获得正式学校文凭,也未曾留学海外,但后来却在海内外二十余所高等院校任教,精通英、法、日等六国语言,还熟知古代梵文、楔形文、甲骨文、金文、简牍帛书文字,皆得益于他的自学能力。
When he became famous, he was asked why he became such a master. He said the master didn’t dare, but the main reason for his success today was because he didn’t go to college. Because the university can learn only one of two groups, but father gave me the open sky establish is based on no cobb, according to the traditional Chinese scholar method, is actually and philosophy, this paper, in the history of history of philosophy, there is, unfortunately, in zhe RaoE for compiling a designed to collect chaozhou scholars scholars poems of academic works and local historical literature writings of han dynasty, chaozhou spend ten years, a large cable letter, practice code, when will make the final break down from constant overwork, die young Rao zongyi, only 15 years old, did not let his father’s painstaking work to ruin the end. Instead, he completed it and published it in lingnan journal of lingnan university, a book compiled with new materials, new styles and new methods,In 1935,Principal turmoil creates annals museum, guangdong zhongshan university appointed WenDanMing famous scholars, director of the old man then jao tsung-i, wen will be the only 18 junior high school drop-outs talent abnormality is employed into the pavilion, took a full-time art was ranked the second largest collection cuhk annals of guangdong, during that time, jao tsung-i collection of all local Chronicles have seen almost to gym, this experience in compiling local Chronicles, for he later learned more, the influence of flowering have basic later he guangdong yi written exam and on directly benefit from the rich collection of data.
在成名后,曾有人问他,为什么能够成为这样一个“超级大师”?他说超级大师不敢担,但是能有今天的成就最主要的原因,是因为没有上大学,“因为大学能够学到的只能是一两个门类,但是父亲给我打开的天空、建立的基础是无科不修,按照中国传统的做学问方法,其实是文史哲相通,文中有史,史中有哲,哲中有文。”不幸的是,饶锷为编纂一部专以网罗潮州历代文人学者的诗文学术著作及地方历史文献的大著作——《潮州艺文志》,花十年之功,大索遗书,钩稽排纂,在即将编完的时候,终因积劳成疾,英年早逝。才15岁的饶宗颐,没有让父亲的心血之作烂尾,而是秉父遗志将其完成,并连载于岭南大学的《岭南学报》。这部采用新材料、新体例和新方法编撰的著作,连同他后来在核心刊物《禹贡》上发表的多篇文章,引起学界高度关注。1935年,中山大学校长邹鲁创建了广东通志馆,委任著名学者温丹铭为主任,温老先生随即举荐饶宗颐,将这位年仅18岁、初中肄业的才俊破格聘入馆中,专职艺文纂修。当时中大广东通志馆的藏书量位列全国第二,那段时间,饶宗颐几乎将馆里收藏的所有地方志都看过,这段编纂地方志的经历,对于他后来学问多面开花起到基础性的影响,后来他编写的《广东易学考》,就直接得益于此时丰富的地方志藏书资料。
Rao zong-yi’s research covers almost all fields of Chinese studies. According to his own classification, his writings can be divided into eight categories: dunhuang studies on oracle poetry and history, bibliography of poetry and history, archaeology (including jinshi), calligraphy and painting. He once said humorously, I am a homeless wanderer in 2009 Jao tsung-i twentieth century academic essays Published in mainland China, a total of 14 volumes twenty volumes, more than twelve million words, consists of monograph of more than eighty species, more than one thousand papers Scholars said it learned six learning can prepare nine, he is in the heavens and the earth observatory into my eyes, the article haoqi up too early This majestic couplet, to express their open field of vision and broad mind.
饶宗颐的研究几乎涵盖国学的所有领域,根据他自己的归纳,其著述可分为:敦煌学、甲骨学、诗词、史学、目录学、楚辞学、考古学(含金石学)、书画等八大门类。很难把他归到哪一家,他曾幽默地说,“我是一个无家可归的游子”。2009年《饶宗颐二十世纪学术文集》在大陆出版,共计十四卷二十册,超过一千二百万字,包含专著八十余种,论文一千多篇。学者称其“业精六学、才备九能”,他则以“天地大观入吾眼,文章浩气起太初”这样气势磅礴的对联,来表现其开阔的视野和博大的胸襟。
Its early to treat local Chronicles is given priority to, middle-aged and four traffic and excavated documents, after mature from China to India so that the study of the human civilization, the seeking of old age is devoted to the history of Chinese spirit he had his most good at discovering problems, not stuck in the past, ready to accept new things, jao tsung-i said season old understand wang guowei has put new hair I see (now) divided into five types: a Yin deficiency oracle; Wood slips of the han and jin dynasties; Dunhuang scriptures; Cabinet files; Chen yinke, a writer from the fifth foreign language family, said that the academy of an era must have its new materials and new problems, while rao zongyi’s emphasis on and mastery of new materials and evidence is surprising.
其早年以治地方史志为主,中年后兼治四裔交通及出土文献,壮年由中国史扩大到印度、西亚以至人类文明史的研究,晚年则致力于中国精神史的探求。季羡林曾评价他最善于发现问题,绝不固步自封,随时准备接受新的东西,饶宗颐则说季老懂我。王国维曾把“新发见(现)”归纳为五类:一、殷虚甲骨;二、汉晋木简;三、敦煌写经;四、内阁档案;五、外族文字。陈寅恪则说,“一时代之学术,必有其新材料与新问题”。而饶宗颐对新材料、新证据的重视和掌握,让人吃惊。
 He often says to people, do knowledge and be a person to be able to endure loneliness, to have the usual state of mind, to wait for the rabbit can not be eager for success and instant benefit aggressive chase rabbit people may not be able to find rabbit, and I lean under the tree, when there is a rabbit, I suddenly pounced on, I this lifetime also only catch a few rabbits.
他常对人言,做学问和做人要耐得住寂寞,要有平常心态,要“守株待兔”。不能急功近利。“积极追兔子的人未必能够找到兔子,而我就靠在树底下,当有兔子过来的时候,我就猛然扑上去,我这一辈子也不过就抓住几只兔子而已。”

Resource: Internet

来源:华夏经纬网